Department of Oral Biology: Course Descriptions

ORBIOL 0031 - MICROBIOLOGY 1

This is an introductory course in microbiology designed for nursing students with no previous microbiology background.  Three major areas included are the microorganisms, the immune mechanisms of the host, and the interaction of the host and the microorganisms in the disease process and in homeostasis.  This course includes a laboratory series which is coordinated with the lecture content.  Major emphasis is placed on infectious diseases and infection control at the nursing level.

*Enrollment Requirement Group:  School of Nursing students only.

ORBIOL 0032; 0033 - MICROBIOLOGY 1 LABORATORY

Content is devoted to the development of student's basic laboratory skills, application of microbiological methods and will emphasize performance, scientific investigation, and safety. 

*Enrollment Requirement Group:  School of Nursing students only.

ORBIOL 1020 - PRINCIPLES OF MICROBIOLOGY

This is an introductory course in microbiology for dental hygiene students with no previous background in microbiology.  Major areas included are microorganisms, immune mechanisms of the host and the interaction of the host and the microorganisms in disease and homeostasis.  Major emphasis is placed on diseases with oral manifestations and infection control in dental medicine.  The laboratory component is devoted to microbiological methods, infection control and oral ecology.

*Enrollment Requirement Group:  Dental Hygiene students only.

ORBIOL 2150 - SEMINAR IN AGING

This course allows for critical review and discussion of current scientific literature related to aging.  Assigned readings focus on a topic of interest to the students enrolled, with application to their particular professional roles.  Exact content will vary with the characteristics of the students.  Possible topics for discussion may include but are not limited to, biology of aging, fears of the elderly, epidemiology of age-related diseases, or insurance coverage for older adults.  Teaching methods used include directed review and discussion of specific research and/or review articles.

*Enrollment Requirement Group:  First Professional and Graduate Student Elective.

ORBIOL 3504 - ORAL BIOLOGY SEMINAR/JOURNAL CLUB

The dental, clinical, and translational research will focus on current, published scientific work in scholarly journals, with the aim of fostering critical thinking through open discussion.  This in turn would lead to an appreciation and understanding of research, and develop the ability of the students to not only potentially pursue scientific studies of their own, but to also apply the results of published research to their own clinical work.

*Enrollment Requirement Group: First Professional Elective and Graduate Student Required Course.                           

                            

ORBIOL 3505 - DIRECTED RESEARCH

This is a required course for OB graduate students.  The content of the course will be specified by the student and the Mentor and this directed study is designed for the approved by the course director.  The teaching format is designed to teach the student specific knowledge or skills of research using enhanced faculty interaction and personal contact.  

*Enrollment Requirement Group: First Professional Elective and Graduate Student Required Course.     

                           

ORBIOL 3601 - STRUCTURAL, COMPOSITIONAL AND MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF MINERALIZED TISSUES.

This course is designed to review structural and compositional properties of mineralized tissues at different hierarchical levels starting from nano-scale and to relate these properties to the tissue function. Pathological changes in the mineralized tissue structure and composition and their clinical manifestations will be discussed. Advances in bioinspired materials’ design strategies and hard tissue regeneration will be also presented to the students.  

*Enrollment Requirement Group: First Professional Elective and Graduate Student Required Course.

ORBIOL 3701 - ADVANCED STATISTICAL METHODS  

The primary educational goals of this required course are to give the student an advanced knowledge of statistical methodology and experimental design. Included in the course will be multivariate analyses, analysis of variance, and various clinical and experimental design examples.

*Enrollment Requirement Group: First Professional Elective and Graduate Student Required Course.         

  

ORBIOL 3602 - CONTEMPORARY TOPICS ON THE TMJ

The primary educational goals of this course are to instruct students in the anatomy and physiology of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ), which serve as gold standards for tissue regeneration approaches.  Students will be exposed to current diagnosis and treatments of temporomandibular joint diseases, and TMJ occlusion.  Further, students will also be instructed in tissue engineering efforts to regenerate the tissues of the temporomandibular joint, such as the TMJ disc and mandibular condyle.

*Enrollment Requirement Group: First Professional Elective and Graduate Student Required Course.  

ORBIOL 3603 - HUMAN GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT

This advanced seminar on human growth and development will address basic theories and principles of organismic growth, discuss evolutionary changes in embryonic, fetal, and postnatal human growth patterns, and assess environmental and genetic influences on normal and pathological growth patterns of extant human populations. After this course the student should come to appreciate that: 1)  normal human growth patterns are a result of an interaction of nature (biology and genetics) and nurture (physical and cultural environment); 2) abnormal or pathological growth patterns are a result of genetic or environmental perturbations in normal patters which produce dystrophic or dysplastic morphologies; and 3) even with such perturbations, the human growth pattern is still very resilient and succeeds in maintaining the characteristic human morphology. The course will provide a student with an in-depth knowledge and appreciation of human growth and development, particularly those portions directly involved in Craniofacial Biology and the practice of Dentistry. *Enrollment Requirement Group: First Professional Elective and Graduate Student Required Course. 

ORBIOL3509 - TEACHING PRACTICUM

This required graduate course will give graduate students exposure to teaching graduate and first professional course. The student will be a Teaching Assistant for one term and function to help develop and/or update a course syllabus, update and/or develop course web materials, develop testing materials, give lectures, and help determine grades as an adjunct to future teaching responsibilities. *Enrollment Requirement Group: Graduate Student Required Course

ORBIOL 5113 - MOLECULAR & CELL BIOLOGY PART 1

The objectives of this two part course are to familiarize the student with normal biochemical processes and their roles in the maintenance of homeostasis.  The first part of the course deals with the chemical structures and composition of the building blocks of important body constituents.  The second part will focus on the mechanisms of reactions and regulations of metabolic pathways.  The consequences of deviation from normal metabolic processes will also be discussed.  Emphasis is placed on processes occurring in the oral cavity.

*Enrollment Requirement Group: First Professional and Graduate Student Required Course.  

ORBIOL 5114 - MOLECULAR & CELL BIOLOGY PART 2

The objectives of this two part course are to familiarize the student with normal biochemical processes and their roles in the maintenance of homeostasis.  The first part of the course deals with the chemical structures and composition of the building blocks of important body constituents.  The second part will focus on the mechanisms of reactions and regulations of metabolic pathways.  The consequences of deviation from normal metabolic processes will also be discussed.  Emphasis is placed on processes occurring in the oral cavity.

*Enrollment Requirement Group: First Professional and Graduate Student Required Course.  

ORBIOL 5115 - MICROBIAL PHYSIOLOGY AND CLASSIFICATION

This is a course in microbial physiology and oral flora for first year dental students.  Major areas included are the properties of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells, microbial metabolism, microbial genetics, microbial growth, the control of microbial growth, microbial classification, and the properties and classification of viruses, emphasis is placed on the role of microorganisms in the development of dental caries.

*Enrollment Requirement Group: First Professional Required and Graduate Student Elective Course.  

ORBIOL 5120 - BODY TISSUES

This course initially focuses on the morphological aspects and methodology of cell biology.  Morphology and function of the typical cell are considered in detail.  Embryological development of the human is followed from fertilization to the development of general body form.  A brief presentation of the principles of genetics, and induction and differentiation is made.  The histogenesis and structure of the four basic tissues is given emphasizing the relationship of structure and function, and potential dental clinical correlations.

*Enrollment Requirement Group: First Professional Required and Graduate Student Elective Course.  

ORBIOL 5130 - ORAL TISSUES AND EMBRYOLOGY

The course begins with a detailed presentation of the development of the face and oral cavity.  After postnatal facial growth is considered tooth formation and eruption is analyzed.  A study of the development and structure of dentin, enamel, cementum, pulp is followed by consideration of the formation and structure of alveolar bone and the periodontal ligament.  The types of oral mucosa are studied with a special emphasis on the gingiva and epithelial attachment.  The course ends with histological study of the paraoral structures:  salivary glands, lip, cheek, tongue, palates, & TMJ.

*Enrollment Requirement Group: First Professional Required and Graduate Student Elective Course.  

ORBIOL 5140 - SYSTEMIC GROSS ANATOMY

The primary educational goals of this course are to instruct predoctoral dental students in gross anatomy so that they will have a clear and lasting understanding of the anatomical concepts and relationships that are prerequisites for future courses in their education and for the years of practice that will follow. The course will provide a student with an in-depth knowledge and appreciation of the gross anatomy of the human body, particularly those portions directly involved in the practice of dentistry.

*Enrollment Requirement Group: First Professional Required and Graduate Student Elective Course.  

ORBIOL 5141 - SYSTEMIC HUMAN PHYSIOLOGY

The goal of the course is to provide an opportunity for the dental students to know the principles of cellular and systemic human physiology, appreciate the significance of normal physiology to understand pharmacoplogy and pathology and ultimately establish a foundation for the practice of dental medicine. Course lectures are organized by organ systems.  Topics include the following systems:  nervous, skeletal, cardio vascular, respiratory, renal, gastrointestinal and endocrine.

*Enrollment Requirement Group: First Professional Required and Graduate Student Elective Course.  

ORBIOL 5142 - SKULL AND CEPHALOMETRY

The primary educational goal of this course is to instruct predoctoral dental students in the anatomy of the skull so that they have a clear and lasting understanding of the anatomical concepts and relationships essential for the practice of dentistry. To this end, this course will focus on the gross anatomical structure of the skull and clinical applications in radiography. Skeletal elements will be described during class lectures and reinforced by laboratory, museum, and clinical specimens. Concepts important in clinical dentistry will be stressed; some of these include the identification of bony landmarks used in surgical procedures, radiographic diagnostics, and orthodontic treatment planning and evaluation. *Enrollment Requirement Group: First Professional and Graduate Student Required Course.  

ORBIOL 5143 - HEAD AND NECK SOFT TISSUE ANATOMY

The primary educational goal of this course is to instruct predoctoral dental students in the soft tissue anatomy of the head and neck region so that they have a clear and lasting understanding of the anatomical concepts and relationships essential for the practice of dentistry.

*Enrollment Requirement Group: First Professional and Graduate Student Required Course.  

ORBIOL 5171 - INFECTIOUS DISEASES/IMMUNOLOGY

Immunology and Infectious Diseases  is a 4-credit lecture course on the immune system and major infectious diseases of humans for first year dental students, with emphasis on diseases that affect the oral cavity.  Microbial Physiology and Classification (ORBIOL 5115) is a required prerequisite.

*Enrollment Requirement Group: First Professional Required and Graduate Student Elective Course.  

ORBIOL 5174 - CRANIOFACIAL GENETICS

This course is designed to present students with several scenarios where genetics has a measurable contribution to the etiology of dental disease, so that they gain a general appreciation of the importance of human/molecular genetics in the context of society today.

*Enrollment Requirement Group: First Professional and Graduate Student Required Course.    

ORBIOL 5214 - PHARMACOLOGY AND THERAPEUTICS

Topics include analgesics, antibiotics, antihistamines, autonomic drugs, cns drugs, cardiovascular drugs, digestive pharmacology, drug abuse, drug laws, hypoglycemics, principles of drug action and reproductive pharmacology.

*Enrollment Requirement Group: First Professional Required and Graduate Student Elective Course.  

DENT 5340 - CURRENT TOPICS IN ORAL HEALTH RESEARCH

This course is designed to introduce current basic and clinical research topics relevant to the practice of dentistry to the first professional students. The lecture/seminars are carried by various faculty members from  the University of Pittsburgh School of Dental Medicine or other  Schools from the University of Pittsburgh or external to the University. The lectures are focused but not limited to the following areas:  Genetics, Tissue engineering, Bone biology, Systemic implication of oral health, Head and neck cancers, Osteoporosis, Pain management, and Geriatric dentistry. *Enrollment Requirement Group: First Professional and Graduate Student Required Course.    

ORBIOL 5112; 5817; 5847 - DIRECTED STUDY

First Professional dental student who desires to pursue research interests in basic science.  These areas include any one of the following:  immunology, microbiology, nutrition or oral biology.  The content of the course is specified by the student and this directed study is designed for the approved by the course director.  The teaching format is designed to teach the student specific knowledge or skills of research using enhanced faculty interaction and personal contact.

*Enrollment Requirement Group: First Professional Elective Course.    

ORBIOL 5900 - INDEPENDENT STUDY

This course is designed to provide the student with an opportunity to conduct in-depth study in a particular subject area of their choice. *Enrollment Requirement Group: First Professional Elective Course.  

 

ORBIOL5910 - SURVIVAL SKILLS FOR A CAREER IN DENTAL RESEARCH

The focus of this course will be applied and, as such, students will be required to read and discuss scientific literature and other materials. Particular emphasis will be placed on the process of defining ideas and hypotheses. As a result, students will understand how research is planned, supported and published. No lectures will be presented. *Enrollment Requirement Group: First Professional Elective Course.  

 

ORBIOL 5931 - AGING AND ORAL HEALTH

This course identifies the age-related changes that occur in the oral cavity of human and other mammalian species. Structural changes are described in both hard and soft tissues.  The functional properties of these affected tissues are considered.  The clinical implications of such changes manifested in older age are emphasized.  The effect of pharmacologic agents, disease states and behavioral modifications associated with aging are considered to demonstrate their potential impact on the tissue of the oral cavity.

*Enrollment Requirement Group: First Professional and Graduate Student Elective Course.    

ORBIOL 5942 - AGE RELATED CHANGES IN THE ORAL CAVITY

The effects of aging on the oral cavity and the impact of these changes on the human body will be reviewed.  Current literature in oral biology and gerontology will serve as the basis for instruction. *Enrollment Requirement Group: First Professional and Graduate Student Elective Course. 

 

ORBIOL 5943 - HEAD AND NECK ANATOMY TEACHING PRACTICUM

This elective course will give interested First Professional Dental Students exposure to teaching Head and Neck Anatomy Laboratory. The student will be a Laboratory Teaching Assistant for one term and function to help dissect anatomical prosections, provide instruction to first year, first professional dental students, and develop testing materials.

*Enrollment Requirement Group: First Professional Elective Course.    

ORBIOL 5951 - GROSS ANATOMY TEACHING PRACTICUM

This elective course will give interested First Professional Dental Students exposure to teaching Systemic Gross Anatomy Laboratory. The student will be a Laboratory Teaching Assistant for one term and function to help dissect anatomical prosections, provide instruction to first year, first professional dental students, and develop testing materials

*Enrollment Requirement Group: First Professional Elective Course.  

 

ORBIOL 5977 - CRANIOFACIAL GENETICS TEACHING PRACTICUM

This elective course will give interested First Professional Dental Students exposure to teaching a Craniofacial Genetics Laboratory. The student will be a Laboratory Teaching Assistant for one term and function to help set up lab materials, provide instruction to first year, first professional dental students, and develop testing materials.

*Enrollment Requirement Group: First Professional Elective Course.