The field of biomineralization focuses on the mechanisms by which cells and biomacromolecules exert spatial and temporal control over the mineralization processes and regulate the mineral phase, shape and organization in mineralized tissues, offering important insights into craniofacial structures and their development. The craniofacial complex contains a number of mineralized tissues which are unique to this region. For example, dental mineralized tissues, namely, enamel, dentin and cementum, are only found in the craniofacial region. Also, most of the bones formed through the intramembranous ossification process, are found in the craniofacial region. Unveiling these mechanisms is key for understanding mineralized tissue formation in norm and disease. Biomineralization also provides  inspiration for development of novel materials with functional and structural properties similar to the mineralized tissues.

CCR faculty researching biomineralization include the following individuals:

Dr. Elia Beniash Biomineralization processes in dental tissues and other biominerals; protein self-assembly and protein-mineral interactions, protein and mineral transport in the mineralizing cells; biologically inspired materials

Dr. Dobrawa Napierala Transcriptional regulation of the mineralization process, development and pathology of mineralizing tissues, matrix vesicles, phosphate signaling, endochondral ossification  

Dr. Charles Sfeir The role of protein phosphorylation in biomineralization; biologically inspired materials

Dr. Konstantinos Verdelis Role of the SIBLING proteins in biomineralization of dental tissues; physical methods of the mineralized tissue characterization

Dr. Heather Szabo-Rogers Cell polarity and the secretion of mineralized matrix

Dr. Henry Margolis Fundamental aspects of Biomineralization with a primary focus on dental enamel formation, using combined in vitro and in vivo approaches; protein-mediated crystal growth; protein-mineral interactions; protein self-assembly; the role of protein phosphorylation.